Peru’s history spans about four millennia and is characterized by several stages of cultural development in the coastal desert and the mountain regions. It is believed that about 15,000 years ago, groups of people entered Peru through the Bering Straits from Asia and survived as hunters and gatherers. Read on to learn more about how the history of this region factors into modern Machu Picchu tours!
The History Behind Today’s Machu Picchu Tours
Peru is home to some of the oldest human civilizations. For instance, Norte Chico civilization was based in the Peruvian territory. Additionally, it was home to the Inca Empire, which was the greatest state in Pre-Columbian America. In the sixteenth century, it was conquered by Spain, but gained its independence in the year 1821.
Cusco and the Inca Empire
Cusco is currently considered the cultural capital of Peru. Having been continuously inhabited for over 3000 years, it is the oldest city in the Americas. It served as the capital of the Inca Empire until it was conquered by Spain. The territory of the Inca stretched from Santiago to Quito, making it the world’s largest state at the time. At its peak, Cusco had a population of about 150,000, and it was mainly dominated by palaces and other buildings.
Machu Picchu was built by Inca Pachacutec, a statesman who ruled in the mid 15th century. Located on the slopes of Vilcanota Mountain, the fortress is believed to have been a refuge for the Inca’s ruling elite. After being occupied by about three generations of Incas, it was abandoned in a mysteriously-sudden decision. It then disappeared from historical memory because it was unknown to ordinary citizens, and accessing it was prohibited. Machu Picchu escaped the eyes of the Spanish only to be discovered by Hiram Bingham, an American historian and explorer, in 1911.
Overall, it’s clear that Peru is a county that is quite rich in terms of history. It is home to some of the oldest civilizations in the world, and if you are into history, this it is a great tourist destination for you. If you are planning to tour Peru, then Alpaca Expeditions is your best partner. With us, you will have access to Machu Picchu guided tours among other great offers. Get in touch today for a trek that will surely take you back in history and give you a chance to learn about the Americas oldest city.